Gender Inequality

NCDs affect women inequitably and more than most people think.

There is misconception that diabetes, heart disease are primarily disease of men

Women and girls are disproportionately affected by NCDs and their risk factors

Diabetes & heart disease are underdetected in women and there are delays in referral diagnosis and treatment compared to men.

Women with NCDs living in developing countries experience specific challenges in accessing cost-effective prevention, early detection and treatment due to gender inequality, family responsibilities and the costs of seeking care, social stigma, other cultural and socio-economic factors.

women’s multiple roles in the household, workplace and community, Social and family expectations, lack of financial freedom may limit healthy choices in terms of diet and physical activity, passive smoking early access to health care etc.

Reduced Inequalities

Women in rural villages are more sedentary and obese than men owing to range of cultural and socioeconomic factors

Lack of access to affordable, equitable and essential health services, in particular women in rural areas taking a toll on women's health

unequal distribution of noncommunicable diseases is ultimately due to the inequitable distribution of social determinants of health.

inequities persist between different socioeconomic, ethnic and geographic groups.

Inequities of power money and resources impact the health status and rise of NCDs.

Disadvantaged populations are more exposed to risks (tobacco use, use of alcohol, physical activity or diet) In addition to unhealthy behaviours.

Those in low socioeconomic positions have a poorer risk factor profile, including greater levels of hypertension and diabetes , lower health-seeking behaviours, less access to medical care and greater comorbidity

NCDs & Women Health


NCDs are the leading cause of death and disability across the world.

NCDs affect as many women as Men and risk factors are similar in both men and women

10 million women die every year due to diabetes & heart disease alone.

2 out 3 women deaths are due to NCDs.

3 out of 4 women with diabetes lives in (LMIC) low and middle income countries, thats 86% of people with Diabetes

Nearly 50% Indian women are at risk of heart disease (Indian Express)

NCDs & MaternalHealth
1 in 3 pregnancies in the world are affected by High Sugars
High Blood Pressure is 1 of 5 major causes for Neonatal Deaths

Many Maternal Women suffer from NCDs like Obesity, Diabetes, High blood pressure, Heart disease etc...

Diabetes in Pregnancy can cause miscarriage, Premature birth, Birth defects, Baby deaths and mother deaths.

Hypertension in pregnancy affects baby growth needing termination, premature birth, low birth weight, baby deaths and mother deaths.

Obesity in pregnancy causes more bleeding and infections in delivery leading to mother deaths, and also causes baby death in womb.

Dr. Arpitha Reddy.
Masters in Reproductive
Medicine (London)

A world with “GENDER EQUALITY” and “REDUCED INEQUALITIES” in healthcare for women.


Empowering women as “change agents” and “gate keepers” to prevent and control non-communicable diseases as a beneficiary; and for her family and society, to reach highest attainable standard of health to prevent “health shock-poverty” vicious cycle and build healthy communities.

Dr Arpitha is women’s health specialist and has been working in the field for last 20 years. She is also specialised in reproductive medicine (London) and works as infertility specialist in Hyderabad. She is a strong women’s health advocate. She believes women has potential to play larger role in the fight against NCDs, and women role as “change agents” of families and communities with respect to healthy behaviours is often underutilized.

Her vision is “the new WWF”.
Why now?

NCDs challenge development and human rights for everyone and are intrinsically linked to poverty. Noncommunicable diseases act as key barriers to poverty alleviation and sustainable development. 82% of all NCD-related premature deaths are in low- and middle-income countries.

NCDs have been the leading causes of death among women globally for at least the past three decades and are now responsible for two in every three deaths among women each year. This burden is expected to increase substantially in the coming decades, especially in Low and Middle income Countries. Emergent health challenges are transforming the landscape of women's health needs in most low- and middle-income countries. The NCD epidemic poses a serious burden on women's health, threatening the most vulnerable girls, women and communities that have been the focus of hard-fought health and development successes over the past decades.

NCDs impact women who are left exposed through persistent social, gender and economic inequalities and overall pervasive inequities in access to health information, appropriate access to care and life-saving technologies.

To overcome the challenge of NCDs, we need everyone to realise the challenges and act on them. Women can be a bigger part of the solution.

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